SEE-HONDURAS

Omoa

OMOA Omoa, Cortes Honduras

Known as the home of the San Fernando Fort, built by the Spanish in the late 1700's. Construction of "Castillo de San Fernando" began in 1759, in order to protect against the many attempts of foreign invasion and pervasive attacks by pirates. The adjacent museum, built in the past decade, has been a work in progress.


It features a very rich history, and artistic display of the way Omoa was in the late 1700's. The fortress was also used as a prison for many years. When it became a tourist attraction, a long-term restoration and protection plan was placed into action.


Omoa is a small town of Honduras that is located in front of the Caribbean Sea, east of Guatemala and west of the city of Puerto Cortes. The closest biggest cities to Omoa are San Pedro Sula (18.4 miles) and the capital city of Tegucigalpa (128.3 miles). Omoa is populated by about 30,000 people distributed within an area of 382.8 km².



For a very long time, Omoa was the most important port in Honduras, and one with the most traffic in Central America. Nevertheless, that importance began to faPlayas de Omoa, Cortesde in the 1820s when the place was destroyed a couple of times by fires, the bay began to silt up, and nearby Puerto Cortes was developed.



Then the first railroad connecting Puerto Cortes with San Pedro Sula was developed in the 1880s, reducing Omoa to a simple backwater-fishing village. Also Omoa was a Save haven For British And Confederate Families During the End of the Civil War Also Omoa Features a very Big English Speaking Community


Angler’s house

The economy of Omoa is kept active, based on the fishing of its settlers. About 600 native anglers with 400 small boats bring home approximately 220 thousand pounds of fish.

Many of the settlers of the municipality of Omoa are dedicated to the agriculture. They have mastered the cultivation of basic grains such as corn, beans, and rice. While other inhabitants, earn their income as cattle raiser.

Other sources of income come from tourism of the natural beauty of Omoa and of the fortress of San Fernando: The largest of Central America and one of the few in existence in the entire American continent.Omoa. Cortes, Honduras


The fortress of Omoa was built by the Spaniards from 1759 until 1778. This historic place had as its main purpose; to protect against the pirates; the silver cargos originating from the mines of San Miguel of Tegucigalpa that often left from Omoa to Spain. Ironically, the construction of the fortress did not end, until the pirates were outdated.


After the independence of Honduras in 1821, the fortress was utilized as a prison by the Honduran authorities for a while. Then it was abandoned for a long time. Today "The Castle" as it is often called; is a national historic monument of Honduras and it is open to the public.


Besides, of the fortress of San Fernando of Omoa, the tourist can enjoy the natural beauty that surrounds the place. On the one hand, the great mountain range of Merendon can be appreciated with its exotic variety of plants and animals.


On the other hand, the tourist can enjoy Omoa with its warm and sandy beaches, complemented by its palm trees. On these beaches, many tourists have also the opportunity to learn or practice scuba diving, as well as other water sports. For all the above Omoa has become, one of Honduras' fastest growing tourist attractions.

San Fernando Fortress, Omoa

Omoa's most striking feature is the Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa, an18th century Spanish fort, though there are actually two forts there. The earlier Real fort was started in 1752, and remodeled in 1759. Next to the Real fort, the fort of San Fernando de Omoa was constructed from 1756 through 1775

 Mis Omoa, Cortes, Honduras


On15 October 1779 the Royal Navy ships Lowestoffe and Charon were with a small squadron, which arrived off the Honduras coast. They were accompanied by Pomona, the Racehorse, schooner, and other small craft, and were hoping to intercept some treasure
ships in the bay of Dulce.




They found two Spanish ships, which took shelter under the guns of the fortress of San Fernando de Omoa, and an unsuccessful attempt was made to capture the town from the sea. They fell in with the Porcupine sloop and some troop transports returning from driving the Spaniards from St George’s.


On 16 October this was followed by a landing some 9 miles away at Puerto Caballo by seamen and marines from the ships, a detachment of the Royal Irish Regiment and 250 Baymen to make an overland attempt on Omoa. They underestimated the difficulties of marching first through swamps, and then wild, mountainous country and only covered three miles during the night.



However, when they reached the town the following afternoon it soon fell, but they were unable to take the fort because the Baymen had dropped the scaling ladders they were carrying. They were supported during the attack by fire from Charon and Lowestoffe, the latter being badly damaged when she grounded for a while as she tried to get closer.


The bombardment from the sea, supplemented by fire from some guns, which had been landed from Pomona, continued on the night of the 19 October, occupying the garrison, which did not notice storming parties of seamen, marines, and soldiers infiltrating the fort. The surprise was complete and there were only six British casualties.
 Omoa, Cortes, Honduras, c.a.

The treasure found in the fort and on board two treasure ships was worth some two million dollars. Two hundred and fifty quintals of mercury were also found in the fort.


The fort itself was abandoned by the British at the end of November, before a Spanish counterattack arrived. The craters from the British bombardment are still visible in the walls of the fort today.


Omoa was the last Spanish stronghold in Central America after the region declared its independence. The Spanish fort was captured by the Central American Republicans under Colonel Juan Galindo.

 








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