SEE-HONDURAS

Interesting -Interesante

Lempira was a war captain of the Lencas,

a Mesoamerican ethnic group, who speak their own language and have lived in Honduras and El Salvador since pre-colombian times.


Indio Lempira Lempira of HondurasThe Lencas are still living in Honduras and recently have gained popularity because of their beautiful pottery and crafts.


Lempira is very important in Honduran history, because he fought against the Spanish around the 1500s, when the Spanish were trying to conquer the territory.


He was of medium height, with strong complexity. He was known for his bad temper and since a young age he demonstrated courage and bravery and was known for his love for his people, land, laws and traditions.



The name Lempira comes from the word Lempaera, which is the union of two lencan words, Lempa which means Lord – title of dignity and hierarchy, and the word Era, which means hills. Therefore, Lempira would be the “lord of the hills”.


Lempira was very respected among his people and when fighting against the Spaniards, he was able to unite 200 different tribes to create an army of 30,000 soldiers.
 

Because of this organization it was very difficult for the Spaniards to take control of the region during 1537, until Lempira’s death.

There are two versions of Lempira’s death, the first version, which is the traditional story heard in Honduras states that he was betrayed by the Spaniards. Supposedly, they had agreed to meet with Lempira to negotiate peace.



When he met with the Spaniards, he was shot by one of Honduras currency Dinero de Hondurasthe Spaniards. T




The second version of his death was found on a document called Pobranza de Meritos, in the Archivo General de Indias of Sevilla, written by Rodrigo Ruiz.




This version states that the captain “EL Empira” was killed in combat by Ruiz in the middle of an unexpected battle. After Lempira was killed, Ruiz cut Lempira’s head off as a proof of his death.


Because of Lempira’s important role in Honduran history, many things were honored with his name.


Honduras currency is el lempira, also there is a city called Puerto Lempira, capital of the department or state Gracias a Dios and finally there is a department called Lempira.

INTERESANTE 

BANDERA NACIONAL DE HONDURAS Tres franjas horizontales iguales, una azul (arriba), blanco (centro) y azul (abajo) con cinco estrellas azules de Honduras Flag Bandera nacional de Hondurascinco puntas dispuestas en un patrón X, centrado en la banda blanca. Las estrellas representan a los miembros de la antigua República Federal de Centro América: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras y Nicaragua.

PINO - ÁRBOL NACIONAL DE HONDURAS El gobierno estableció el pino como símbolo nacional a través de acuerdo # 429 emitida en Tegucigalpa el 14 de mayo de 1926. Este acuerdo tiene por objeto establecer medidas de protección para conservar y mejorar los recursos existentes en todo el país.


El árbol de pino (Pinus oocarpa ocote o pino) es un ejemplo de la flora nacional, y es considerado como uno de los recursos conocidos por los hondureños en todo el país, ya que esArbol Nacional de Honduras Honduras national tree abundante y sus productos se usan de muchas maneras.

La protección dada a los recursos naturales en general y particularmente a los pinos, representa una medida de conservación necesaria que fomenten el orgullo cívico entre todos los hondureños. Por lo tanto, un acuerdo fue aprobado por el Decreto Legislativo N º 48 de fecha 04 de febrero 1927 para declarar el pino como el árbol nacional de Honduras.


Su uso también se ha convertido regulado para evitar la destrucción innecesaria la tala o los incendios forestales. Por último, para crear una conciencia nacional a través de las escuelas y otros medios, del uso correcto a través de bosques de árboles y la ordenación forestal.


ESCUDO NACIONAL DE HONDURAS
Honduras, como todos los otros países que fueron colonias españolas, utilizó los escudos (escudo de armas) de España, pero una vez que el país alcanzó la independencia, estos escudos ya no eran necesarios. Dionisio de Herrera, como el Jefe del Estado de Honduras, decretó la Honduras National Seal Escudo de Hondurascreación de un escudo nacional el 3 de octubre de 1825.



A través de su iniciativa, Honduras adquirió su propio escudo nacional, una que representa la historia de Honduras y la rica variedad de recursos nacionales que posee y que debe ser protegido y conservado.


El Congreso Nacional lo declaró en su decreto # 16 y al artículo 142, designado el escudo como símbolo nacional para todos los usos, de manera clara y general. El Congreso Nacional aprobó esto en Tegucigalpa el 10 de enero de 1935.


ORQUIDEAS - FLOR NACIONAL DE HONDURAS
La rosa fuHonduras National Flower Flor Nacional de Hondurase la flor nacional durante 1946-1969, pero teniendo en cuenta que las rosas no eran nativos de Honduras, el Decreto Legislativo N º 17 de fecha 12 de enero 1946 fue sustituido por el Congreso Nacional en Tegucigalpa el 25 de noviembre de 1969.


Considerando que la Orquídea (Brassavola Digbiana) es una flor nativa de Honduras con una excepcional belleza, vigor y características distintivas, se decretó declarar la Flor Nacional de la República de Honduras como la orquídea.


VENADO COLA BLANCA - FAUNA NACIONAL DE HONDURAS
Como una medida destinada a proteger nuestra fauna nacional, y sobre todo para poner fin a la depravación incontrolada en curso, el Congreso Nacional de la República emitió el Decreto No. 36-93 de fecha 28 de junio 1993 instituyó el símbolo nacional de la fauna de Honduras como el venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus).
 

Este hermoso símbolo de nuestra vida la fauna en las llanuras y colinas con vegetación rica. Se encuentra donde hay extensos bosques del pino, permaneciendo siempre fiel al área que primero eligió, y se pueden ver, preferentemente por la noche y casi siempre lleva una vida solitaria.

Este mamífero alcanza un peso promedio de 35-40 kilogramos y alcanza una altura de 73 centímetros y 140 centímetros de largo incluyendo la cola, su dieta es vegetariana y está basada en hierbas, hojas, frutos y la vegetación salvaje.
 

Los machos de las especies poseen cuernos que se caen Honduras Raindeer Venado Nacional de Hondrurascada año, tienen un sentido del olfato muy sensible y son grandes nadadores. De las dos especies que se encuentran en Honduras, el venado cola blanca es la más grande, y sus dos mayores enemigos naturales son el puma y el jaguar, así como los seres humanos.

Este ciervo, cuando levanta su cola única, corre y da la señal de peligro para el resto de la manada.


A BRIEF HISTORY OF WHAT ONCE MOVED HONDURAS



Honduras, just like most of the rest of the Central American countries bordering the Caribbean Sea, was producing bananas for local consumption since the XVI century. In the mid 1860's, Honduras began making small shipments of bananas from the Bay Islands of Utila and Roatan, to the city of New Orleans. These were carried as part of the cargo of small schooners making the trip between those ports. By 1870, bananas had a ready market in the cities of New Orleans, Miami and New York. Unit Fruit Company - Honduras


By the end of that decade, the North Coast of Honduras, between the natural harbors of Puerto Castilla, to the east of La Ceiba, and Puerto Cortes to the west, had several small banana farms run by more or less family plots, which were producing good salable stems. Around that same time, there were several buyers of the fruit who came on a fairly regular basis seeking to purchase bananas for resale in the United States of America.


One of these buyers was Minor C. Keith, who had his own plantations in Costa Rica, but who needed additional fruit to complete his shipping commitments. Also purchasing on a regular basis from the Honduran producers in the late 1880's and the 1890’s were the Macheca’s Brothers; the Pizzattis’, and Santo Oteri and his Son. They all came to buy bananas, and did so right on the beaches of Puerto Cortes, Tela and Ceiba.


But by mid 1899, all of these buyers became part of the United Fruit Company, which had been founded in March of 1899. The Vaccaro-D'Antoni partnership came on the scene in late 1899, and on its first trip to Honduras, seeking to purchase oranges and coconuts for sale in New Orleans, Miami and New York, they also purchased a few stems of bananas at Roatan Island.


Their success in selling their purchases in New Orleans, Miami and New York where they had their own outlet induced them to move to the mainland of Honduras, and by 1901, they had established themselves at Salado Barra, west of La Ceiba, and also had an office in La Ceiba.

Here is a snapshoot of Honduran banana trade control by 1912:

1) Vaccaro Brothers and Company had a government concession to build a railroad from the city of La Ceiba on the north coast of Honduras to the city of Yoro, Yoro. They had by this time some of their own plantations of bananas, but continued to buy fruit from local producers. Their area of operations was between Boca Cerrada, west of La Ceiba, and Balfate, east of La Ceiba (an area of about 80 kilometers of coastline);


2) United FrDole Bananas of Honduras Viajes Baratosuit Company had two concessions which it had purchased with government approval. One was to build a railroad from Tela to Progreso which is in the Sula Valley, and the other was to build a railroad from Trujillo, to the city of Juticalpa in Olancho. United Fruit set up the Tela Railroad Company and the Trujillo Railroad Company to manage these concessions. By this time, United Fruit also had some of its own plantations, and continued to buy fruit from locals; and

3) Cuyamel Fruit Company was owned by Samuel Zemurray, who also had a government concession to build a railroad from Omoa into the Cuyamel Valley, in which he had banana plantations. Zemurray had come to Honduras in 1905, arriving in Puerto Cortes, which wasn't much at that time. He began purchasing fruit from local producers, just like the Vacccaros and United Fruit Company, but soon saw the need for having his own farms in order to have better quality control of production.

In summary, by 1912, bananas were being shipped from Honduras solely by: the Vaccaro’s Brothers; United Fruit Company, and Cuyamel Fruit Company. There existed an apparent gentleman pact that set the Vaccaro Brother's zone of influence from the east Bank of the Lean River on the west of La Ceiba, to the San Esteban River near Balfate, to the east of La Ceiba.


United Fruit Company had two zones of influence: The one near Trujillo, in the AguBananera de La Lima, Hondurasan River Valley and along the coast east of Trujillo into the Sico River Valley; and The area of Tela R.R. Co. sector whose zone of influence was from the West bank of the Lean River to the east, and to the east bank of the Ulua River to the west of Tela.


The Cuyamel zone of influence was west of the Ulua River to the Guatemalan border.

As of 1996, the banana production and export from Honduras is handled by:

1) Standard Fruit de Honduras, S.A. , which is part of Dole Fresh Fruit International and which originated with the Vaccaro Brothers; and

2) Tela R.R. Co., which is part of the Chiquita Brands International which originated with United Fruit Company. Chiquita's banana operations in Honduras are all in the Sula Valley.

Standard Fruit de Honduras, S.A. has now constituted the Maya Division, under William Swinford, who is its designer, and which handles the banana production in Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Mexico, shipped under the Dole Label.









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